The technical advancements in the filtration technology primarily in the chemical filter media provide a great variety of products for a healthier and cleaner fish tanks. The new filtration methods tend to supplement the current fish tank filters and get rid of a range of toxic compounds.
- Chemical filtration or activated carbon
Carbon is enmeshed with microscopic pores that bring together organic and inorganic material. Activated carbon gets rid of many harmful chemicals from the water such as chlorine, copper, carbohydrates, and other dissolved organic compounds. It also eliminates the sulfa drugs, antibiotics and other medications. One of the most excelling features of activated carbon is that it can remove the discoloration in the aquarium water. It means that this carbon can help in making your aquarium look so clear and immaculate.
- Ion Exchange Resins
These media are helpful in filtering your fish tank filter water by getting rid of specific components that are toxic to aquatic life. It is available in man-made resins or naturally occurring zeolite, the ion exchange media tends to attract charged compounds towards itself like a magnet and exchange them with the less toxic ones. Some tend to attract ammonia or nitrite and some tend to eliminate dissolved organics. Ion exchange media are generally used with activated carbon and lower the accumulation of nitrate by eradicating the pollutants before they break down and permeate the nitrogen cycle.
- Synthetic Polymers
They are quite similar to activated carbon and synthetic carbons have a superpower to absorb and control the harmful nitrogenous products like ammonia, nitrate, and nitrite. They get rid of soluble and insoluble impurities to keep the aquarium water crystal clear. They also have a unique feature that lets them be regenerated once they are exhausted. They can be used repeatedly and for an extended period of time.
- Phosphate Removing Media
These media are superbly porous, and super absorbent media that brings together large amounts of phosphate, organic components and other toxic pollutants from the aquarium. By getting rid of the phosphate, the toxic conditions related to the high phosphate levels like the aggressive nuisance algae growth can be halted and controlled. There are many phosphate removing media available but the ferric oxide hydroxide media is the ideal product preferred by many reef aquarium aficionado.
- Fluidized-bed Filters
These are the step ahead filtration method. Aquarium water is pushed gently via the fish tank filter reactor chamber in order to suspend the filter media in a liquid state. On the basis of the model, you can either use a biological or a chemical filter to use in the reaction chamber. If you are using a chemical filter, expose the surface area to the fish tank water. In other words, more pollutants are actively being eliminated to make sure the most efficient of the chemical filter media is used.
- Protein Skimming
Many experts say that protein skimming is necessary for marine aquarium systems, especially if the quantities of fish is heavy in the fish tank. Protein skimming is the ideal supplemental filtering equipment that creates mini bubbles in a reaction chamber. When the bubbles burst, they send the protein upwards into the discharge tube. Skimmers tend to eliminate the protein before the bacteria is are broken into nitrate. When there is less waste to process, the bacteria take in less oxygen. More the oxygen, lesser the nitrate means better aquarium health.